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Inventory Methods for Cryptocurrency

Laatst bijgewerkt: a year ago

A common question for crypto investors and traders in whether they can account for different parcels of crypto under the first-in first-out of last-in first-out methods – or if they can choose. Each can give wildly different tax outcomes and using the wrong method can expose you to risk. This article will walk through the current ATO guidance on this.

For Investors – some choices available

The ATO position on disposals of identical assets (shares, units, perhaps also crypto) is relatively clear.

In Taxation Determination TD 33, the primary position is that where a disposal of shares occurs and you can distinguish which parcel is which such as share certificate numbers, different classes and others, the cost base and date of purchase for CGT purposes are known. However, where the position is not known, TD 33 allows for a taxpayer to decide themselves which parcel of shares are being disposed of. The ATO accepts the First In First Out basis as a reasonable method, though there is no restriction on reasonable methods – Last In First Out is also acceptable, as is Highest In First Out.

An average is not acceptable unless the shares are in the same company, acquired on the same day and have identical rights.

For traders – limited choices

Where there is specific items of trading stock being transacted, the actual cost of each parcel is preferred. Often this is not available, or multiple parcels have been purchased and unpicking which is being sold is not practical or accurate.

The ATO accepts that First In First Out is the only available method for trading stock where specifically identifying the particular parcel is not possible.

This is outlined in in Taxation Ruling IT 2350 and Taxation Ruling TR 96/4. An average cost method is not acceptable per Taxation Ruling IT 2289.

Does this apply to crypto assets?

There is no specific guidance on whether the ATO will accept the above for crypto. There are also no private rulings on the topic yet. In our discussions with the ATO cryptocurrency specialists it was agreed that this treatment will likely apply. Investors and traders should watch this space for specific guidance from the ATO on this topic. Any tax controversy with crypto assets can be handled by the Chamberlains tax and crypto specialists who have a strong relationship with the ATO. The team is also clarifying various crypto tax issues with the ATO in the coming months.

De informatie op deze website is van algemene aard en houdt geen fiscaal, boekhoudkundig of juridisch advies in. Het is opgesteld zonder rekening te houden met uw doelstellingen, financiële situatie of behoeften. Voordat u op basis van deze informatie handelt, dient u de geschiktheid van de informatie te overwegen, rekening houdend met uw eigen doelstellingen, financiële situatie en behoeften, en professioneel advies in te winnen. Cryptotaxcalculator wijst alle garanties, toezeggingen en garanties af, expliciet of impliciet, en is niet aansprakelijk voor welk verlies of welke schade dan ook (inclusief menselijke of computerfouten, nalatigheid of anderszins, of incidentele of gevolgschade) voortvloeiend uit of in verband met, enig gebruik van of vertrouwen op de informatie of adviezen op deze website. De gebruiker moet als enige de verantwoordelijkheid aanvaarden die verband houdt met het gebruik van het materiaal op deze site, ongeacht het doel waarvoor dergelijk gebruik of dergelijke resultaten worden toegepast. De informatie op deze website is geen vervanging voor gespecialiseerd advies.

Harrison Dell

Tax Lawyer

This article was prepared by Tax Specialist and Director Harrison Dell from Cadena Legal. If you have questions or would like to book an appointment with Harrison, please visit Cadena Legal.

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